Monday, 29 March 2021

Whether the court should frame an issue regarding tenancy if the party fails to plead its details?

 Learned counsel for the appellants has relied upon three decisions in support of his contention that a vague plea does not justify an issue being framed. In this connection a reference was made to Ram Sarup Gupta Vs. Bishun Narain Inter College & Others (1987 (2) SCC 555, where the. Court has held that all necessary and material facts should be pleaded by the party in support of the case set up by it. In the absence of pleading, evidence if any produced by the parties cannot be considered. The object and purpose of a pleading is to enable the adversary party to know the case of the opponent. In order to have a fair trial it is imperative that the parties should state the essential material facts so that the other party may not be taken by surprise. The Court has, however, cautioned against a pedantic approach to the problem and has directed that the Court must ascertain the substance of the pleading and not the form, in order to determine the case. The respondent have emphasised latter observations. In the present case, however, no material in support of the plea of tenancy has been set up anywhere in any form. In the case of M/s Nilesh Construction Company & Anr. Vs. M/s Gangubai & Others (AIR 1982 BOMBAY 491), the Court observed that before a reference to the Mamlatdar for deciding the issue of tenancy under the Bombay Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act, 1948 is made the alleged tenant must disclose in his pleadings, details about the tenancy and the exact nature of the right which is claimed by him. An issue of tenancy cannot be raised on a vague plea.

Supreme Court of India
Shri D.M.Deshpande & Ors vs Shri Janardhan Kashinath Kadam ... on 12 November, 1998
Bench: Sujata V. Manohar, A.P.Misra
Read full judgment here: Click here

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