Tuesday 7 March 2023

What is the test of eminent need?

 ii. In Bhabani Prasad Jena, this Court emphasised that a direction to use DNA profiling technology to determine the paternity of a child, is an extremely delicate and sensitive aspect. Therefore, such tests must be directed to be conducted only when the same are eminently needed. That DNA profiling in a matter relating to paternity of a child should not be directed by the court as a matter of course or in a routine manner, whenever such a request is made. The court has to consider diverse aspects including presumption Under Section 112 of the Evidence Act; pros and cons of such order and the test of 'eminent need' whether it is not possible for the court to reach the truth without use of such test. It was further declared that a Court may direct that a DNA test be conducted, to conclusively determine paternity, only when there is a strong prima-facie case in favour of the person seeking such a direction.


Civil Appeal No. 1308 of 2023 

Aparna Ajinkya Firodia Vs. Ajinkya Arun Firodia

Hon'ble Judges/Coram:

V. Ramasubramanian and B.V. Nagarathna, JJ.

Authored By : B.V. Nagarathna, V. Ramasubramanian

B.V. Nagarathna, J.

Decided On: 20.02.2023.

Citation: MANU/SC/0148/2023.

Read full Judgment here: Click here

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